Neonatal meningitis: The immaturity of microbiota and epithelial barriers implicated

Meningitis is associated with high mortality and frequently causes severe sequelae. Newborn infants are particularly susceptible to this type of infection; they develop meningitis 30 times more often than the general population. Group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria are the most common cause of neonatal meningitis, but they are rarely responsible for disease in adults. Scientists […]

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Digital self-monitoring effective for weight loss, healthy lifestyle

Digital self-monitoring of physical activity and diet is an effective intervention to support weight loss in adults with obesity or overweight, according to a review published online June 30 in Obesity Reviews. Rhiannon Berry, from the Cambridge Institute of Public Health in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to assess whether […]

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Anti-tumor agent from the intestine

The microbiome is the vast collection of bacteria in the human gut. It is estimated that each person carries around 100 trillion bacterial cells in their digestive tract, belonging to several thousand species. These are believed to be involved in the development of chronic inflammatory intestinal diseases, to trigger diabetes, to be responsible for obesity, […]

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Reading problems in childhood tied to poorer memory scores in adulthood

Reading problems in childhood are associated with poorer memory scores at age 43 years, but not with rate of memory decline, according to a study published online July 6 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Amber John, Ph.D., from University College London, and colleagues examined longitudinal associations between childhood reading problems and cognitive […]

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Updated recommendations for managing hereditary breast cancer

One year of adjuvant olaparib should be offered to patients with high-risk early-stage human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer and germline BRCA mutations after completion of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy and local treatment, according to a rapid recommendation update published by the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Following presentation of the results from […]

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How robots and brain-computer interfaces could transform stroke patients’ recovery

Strokes, which occur when the blood supply to part of our brain is interrupted or reduced, are the leading cause of death and disability in the adult population. Among the patients who survive, 75% will experience difficulties carrying out daily activities independently and need long-term functional exercises and rehabilitation. But the outcomes using traditional rehabilitation […]

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